What’s Involved With Construction Staking?

3D Model, 3D laser scanningWhile a good plan is certainly a requirement for any successful building project, getting the blueprint right is really only part of the battle. At a certain point, you have to transform your plans into reality, and construction staking can play an important role in making that happen. Read this post to learn more about what staking is, how it’s performed, and how it can help contribute to a more successful project. Finally, you’ll learn how the services of an experienced and qualified land surveying partner can help you get the construction staking services you need.

What Is Construction Staking?

Construction staking is the process of taking planned improvements and buildings, and then actually mapping them out on the site where the building will take place. It plays a vital role in helping an organization make the leap from plans and blueprints to actual construction work.

In addition to making sure that construction work is performed accurately according to project designs, construction staking can also help a project manager determine where they might be problems with a project plan. Identifying these problems at the staking phase can help save a lot of time and money for the project later on. Instead of having to wait until actual construction work begins to find out about the issue, the project manager can find out about it early, so that he or she still has time to go back and adjust the building plan accordingly.




The Construction Staking Process

As the name suggests, construction staking involves sticking stakes in the ground to map out proposed improvements. Of course, the whole purpose of staking is to position these stakes in the ground so that they match up with project blueprints with the highest degree of accuracy possible.

When a land surveyor comes in to perform construction staking on a site, the project team will be expected to provide copies of all the approved project plans. Once the surveying team has these plans, they will use them to lay out stakes that identify the exact location and dimensions of all planned improvements. This could include stakes to represent the inner and outer walls of a building, the storm and drainage flow, and concrete features such as driveways, sidewalks, and curbs.

The Different Types of Construction Staking

As mentioned previously, each stake might be used to represent the different elements of the project. Each of these elements has to be accounted for properly within the project plan, so a good land surveyor will know how to represent this on site.

In addition, there are two main varieties of construction staking available to you, and which one you choose is dependent upon on the current status of your project and the actual nature of the work being performed. The first type is rough grade staking. The purpose of this staking is simply to map out proposed improvements in relation to final elevation grade of the site. It is generally used for understanding the rough location and elevation of things like roads, parking lots and building outlines, and would take place before a grading contractor would come in to perform their work.

On the other hand, site layout staking is much more comprehensive and exact in nature. This form of staking is the final placement of the horizontal and vertical location of the proposed improvements. A team would then be able to shift directly to actual construction work once the site layout staking has taken place.

Learn More

To get more information about construction staking or to get started planning your construction project, contact Landpoint today.

Four Common Problems Encountered in Pipeline Construction

Pipeline ConstructionBuilding a major oil and gas pipeline is among the most complex projects that any organization can undertake. It is filled with many different potential external bottlenecks that can cause delays, excessive costs, and various other problems. In order to keep a major pipeline construction project on schedule and under budget, you will have to plan ahead, adopt the right technology, and take advantage of assistance from the right kinds of partners, when necessary.

Read this post to learn more about some of the challenges that can arise during the pipeline construction process and what a project manager can do to overcome them.

1. Infrastructure Shortfall

One important concept to be aware of is the fact that most new pipelines are being built in areas that are already served by an existing oil and gas infrastructure. However, in most cases, the pipelines that are already in place are either too old or too small to support the actual oil and gas production capabilities of a particular play. This could be because the capacity of the play was once significantly underestimated or because new drilling technologies have created the potential to reach oil and gas that could not have been reached previously.

Whatever the reason, a pipeline project needs to be able to add on to the current infrastructure, building around existing pipelines and replacing them when necessary.


2. Right of Way Issues

Another major issue when it comes to pipeline construction is the sheer amount of land they cover. Of course, this can be a problem when it comes to securing the right of way to build the pipeline. Major interstate oil and gas pipelines are usually covered by imminent domain, meaning that it would be impossible for local landowners to stop the pipeline from being built.

However, the main pipeline is only one element of the actual project. Wells and smaller lines that feed into the main line are usually located within a single state and therefore require the builder to secure a right of way agreement with each individual landowner. If you don’t plan ahead appropriately, this can be an extremely costly and time-consuming process.

3. Difficult Terrain

Since pipelines typically cover such long distances, there are usually a variety of different terrain challenges that a pipeline construction project must account for. This could include elements like weather (extreme temperatures, rainfall, and major events such as hurricanes and tornados), mountainous terrain (rocky soil that is much more difficult to excavate than ordinary soil), and changes in elevation (difficulty maintaining a steady depth for the pipeline and problems getting equipment to the work site).

Together, all of these issues can cause serious problems for the project that isn’t adequately prepared to deal with them.

4. Geopolitical Issues

The typical pipeline construction project crosses many different political jurisdictions, from municipalities to counties to states. This is primarily an area for concern because each of these individual jurisdictions will have its own unique set of building codes and regulations that you must adhere to in order to build there. This dramatically complicates the building process, as failing to account for even one of these disparate sets of regulations can cause serious delays for the entire project.

In order to make sure that geopolitical issues don’t cause problems with your project, it’s important to start early on getting all the approvals you might need and to work with a partner that understands the unique local regulations in a way that you might not.

The best way to address all these issues is with pipeline routing services from a trusted land surveying partner. To learn more about pipeline routing and how it can help you ensure a smooth pipeline construction project, contact Landpoint today.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Tips for Keeping Oil and Gas Projects on Track

Oil and Gas ProjectsAs a project manager for oil and gas projects, one of your most important priorities should be making sure that everything stays on schedule. After all, these jobs are often very expensive to plan and execute, and the entities funding the work are no doubt going to want to see a return on their investment as soon as possible. Project delays cost a great deal of money, while also pushing back the horizon on how soon the project will start paying dividends.

Fortunately, with the right level of planning and the right technology available to assist you, it’s possible to reduce the chances of a delay. Read this post to learn about some of the main sources of delay in oil and gas projects, and what you can do to overcome them.

1. Miscommunication or bad data

Let’s face it: oil and gas projects are very complex undertakings. When you have a large team of individuals all working on the same project, keeping everybody on the same page is always going to be difficult.  With oil and gas projects, where the team can be spread out over long distances, it becomes especially hard. When miscommunication between team members occurs, or when some team members aren’t working from the most recent version of project data, it can cause time-consuming mistakes.

With a cloud-based project management platform, project managers can establish a single central repository for all the project data and communications.  The platform can be accessed no matter where a worker may be, including access on mobile devices for field workers. As a result, such a solution can help reduce the potential for miscommunication.


2. Delays in securing environmental approval

While environmental regulations clearly exist for a good reason, it’s impossible to overlook what an inconvenience they can sometimes be for project managers working on oil and gas projects. However, with the right level of planning and awareness, it’s entirely possible for an oil and gas project manager to make sure a project lives up to its environmental responsibilities, while also proceeding according to schedule.

A key concept to keep in mind is that all jurisdictions, including local, state and federal jurisdictions, have their own special environmental requirements. This can cause real problems, especially if you’re building in region that you’re not familiar with. The best way to overcome this is to make sure you start early, and consider working with a land surveying partner who can provide the kind of local knowledge that you may be lacking.

3. Delays in gathering survey data and completing as built surveys

While collecting land surveying data should of course be a part of your project plan, it can sometimes be difficult to make sure you’ve dedicated the correct amount of time to complete this task. There’s no denying the fact that gathering survey data using traditional surveying methods is slow; the only question is how will it affect the rest of the project schedule going forward?

Using aerial data collection performed by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can help you overcome this issue. UAVs are capable of gathering very large amounts of land data quickly, and their ability to bypass difficult terrain from above means that their work is both faster and more predictable than that performed by land-based surveyors. As a result, you can be sure that you will have all the surveys you need to move forward with your project—on schedule.

To learn more about any of the technologies mentioned in this post or to get started planning your oil and gas project, contact Landpoint today.




How a 3D Model Can Improve Safety in Your Facility

land-scanningIn the oil and gas industry, the safety of project personnel should be among the most important priorities for any project manager. In addition to the obvious human costs of a death or serious injury on the worksite, unsafe work conditions can also lead to project delays and increased costs. Fortunately, there is a way for project managers to control risk, and that is using a 3D model to gain a better visual representation of a site before sending workers into the site.

Whether you’re building a new facility or retrofitting an older one, each oil and gas project has its own unique set of safety concerns. These could include ensuring structural integrity, identifying potentially hazardous work areas, or limiting the amount of work that has to be done in confined spaces. A 3D model can help a project manager address all of these concerns and more by essentially allowing them to know where the risk is without actually having to enter the facility to find it. As a result, a project manager could use a 3D model to create the safest work plan possible for his or her team.

Read on to learn more about how a 3D model can support better safety measures for oil and gas facilities.

1. Keep workers out of harm’s way

The first way a 3D model can help keep workers safe is among the most obvious: by shortening the amount of time that workers actually have to spend in a facility, a 3D model can reduce the amount of time those workers spend exposed to risk. With the greater visibility that a 3D model can provide, a project manager can come up with a plan that allows workers to get in, finish the required work as quickly as possible, and then get back out again.

2. Allow for offsite fabrication methods

Performing “hot work” such as welding inside an oil and gas facility can be especially dangerous for workers. Of course, it is possible to perform the majority of this work offsite, but this capability depends on having the kind of exact measurements that only a 3D model can provide. Once they have these measurements, workers can perform offsite fabrication methods, essentially removing the need for hot work inside the facility. Then, they can simply perform a bolt-up installation once they’re inside the site, resulting in a dramatically safer experience.

3. Create quick and accurate as-built surveys

Having accurate as-built surveys is among the most important methods of identifying and avoiding hazardous conditions inside an oil and gas facility. Using a 3D model to support your as-built survey is a great way to cut out uncertainty and get the kind of fast, accurate as-built survey that’s required to make informed decisions about the best way to complete your project.

4. Take a proactive approach to safety

Any experienced project manager could tell you that the greatest sources of danger within a facility may not always be the most obvious ones. Safety problems on a site tend to emerge slowly over time, which means that waiting until the unsafe conditions become impossible to ignore is not a practical approach. A 3D model can be used to identify problems that workers and project managers most likely would have missed otherwise. With this knowledge, it is possible for project leaders to be proactive and address these issues before they result in safety problems for the project.

To learn more about 3D modeling and how it can help keep workers safe in your oil and gas facility, contact us at Landpoint today.